The main difference between probiotics and prebiotics is that probiotics are referred to as the “good” gut bacteria, whereas the prebiotics serves as food to them.
Prebiotics are food elements that encourage the growth or action of useful microorganisms.
They are a type of fiber that cannot be digested by the human body but is vital for the gut bacteria because it is their food source. The most common example is in the gastrointestinal tract, where prebiotics can alter the composition of organisms in the gut microbiome. The prebiotics are un-digestible plant fibers that increase the number of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria and have several beneficial effects on improving digestion.
They may improve the mineral absorption and improve the immune system response too.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and consuming diet rich in dietary fibers, seasonal fruits, and vegetables,
is crucial in order to keep the digestive system healthy and in great condition. Not only the digestive system benefits from our good food choices, but also our immune system, the cardiovascular system, the nervous system, and of course the bones.
The gut health is connected to many bodily functions, the healthy prebiotics and probiotics relationship is very important for protecting the body from inflammations and reducing the risk of diseases.
Ingestions of prebiotics are linked to many health benefits, including:
- Better Immune System Function
- Reduced risk of cardiovascular disease
- Low cholesterol level
- Great hormonal balance
- Lower risk of autoimmune disorders
- Improved digestion
- Better gut health
- Improved stress reaction
- Better cognitive function
Foods Rich in Prebiotics
Any food rich in dietary fiber is a great source of prebiotics. They are often packed with vitamins and minerals, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, which will benefit our overall health, but especially the gut microbiota. Foods rich in prebiotics are:
- Raw Garlic
- Raw Onions
- Cooked Onions
- Raw Dandelion Greens
- Raw leeks
- Raw Chicory Root
- Raw Banana
Many studies have shown that prebiotics have an enormous role in better calcium absorption, are effective in fighting the inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis symptoms.
By increasing the food intake rich in prebiotics, you are doing a huge favor to your digestive tract and improving the overall health.